What is REM Sleep and Non REM (NREM) Sleep? Definition
REM sleep, also known as "dream sleep," is characterized by rapid eye movements, mild involuntary muscle jerks and more irregular breathing and heart rate compared to NREM sleep. Non Rem sleep aka NREM, non-rapid eye movement in sleep. Rapid eye movement (REM) is not included. REM sleep is most associated with dreaming but dreams can also occur during all stages of Non-REM sleep. Sleepwalking most often occurs during deep, non-REM sleep and can occur at any age, but it happens most often in children aged 4 - 8 years old.
Alternative Names for Sleepwalking?
Other names or references to Sleepwalking (Somnambulism) include:
- Walking during sleep
What are the symptoms of Sleepwalking (Somnambulism)? What are the effects? The symptoms of include the following:
- Walking during sleep
- Sleepwalking occurs 1 - 2 hours after going to sleep
- Sleepwalking can last from 1 - 30 minutes
- Open eyes and a blank expression
- Difficult to wake the sleepwalker
- Sleep walker has no memory of the episode
- Acting confused or disoriented when they wake up
What are the causes of Sleepwalking(Somnambulism)? The causes may include the following:
- Lack of sleep
- Anxiety and Stress
- Mental disorders
- Reactions to drugs and alcohol
Care for Sleepwalkers
The following precautions and care should be implemented to reduce problems caused by sleepwalking (Somnambulism):
- Develop a calm and soothing bedtime routine
- Avoid stressful situations
- Relaxation exercises
- Remove any items from the bedroom that could be dangerous or harmful - ensure window locks in place
- Plenty of rest
Sleepwalking Treatment / Remedies / Medication / Cures
What is used as a treatment, remedy, cure or medication for Sleepwalking (Somnambulism)? The following info is not a substitute for a medical assessment or diagnostic procedure, but serves as a useful guide to help focus future discussions. The Sleepwalking (Somnambulism) Treatment / Remedies / Medication may include the following:
- Benzodiazepines - Diazepam or Lorazepam
The sole purpose of the article on a sleep disorder such as Sleepwalking is to act as a reference guide to provide useful information regarding sleeping problems. It is not intended to be used to diagnose or treat Sleepwalking or as a substitute for obtaining professional medical advice. Please remember that if you are in any doubt about your health please consult your medical practitioner immediately.
The following Sleep Tests may be conducted in serious cases of sleeping:
This information regarding sleep and sleeping disorders is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Dream Interpretation.org.uk disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.